Carbon Dioxide is a molecule with the formula CO2. It is formed from one carbon atom that is joined by double-bonds to two oxygen atoms, as below. The Three States of CO2 Gas gaseous CO2 exists at temperatures of +31°C (87.8°F). It is colourless but has an odour. Liquid when cooled to temperatures around +18°C … Continue reading Understanding Carbon Dioxide – CO2
I wanted to write a story in which people mixed with dinosaurs. Seeing as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle had the idea of a lost world and Michael Chrichton had the idea of using recovered dinosaur DNA first, it really left me no alternative but to send my characters back in time. Yes, I was going … Continue reading The Science of Time Travel and the Implications of Killing People before they were Born
After the reign of the dinosaurs throughout the Mesozoic Era the age of mammals arrives with the Paleogen Period of the Cenozoic Era. The first grasses appear, along with placental mammals. Orogrny, mountain building, starts in Laramidia, the western half of North America, resulting in the formation of the Rocky Mountains. Volcanic eruptions lessen. India … Continue reading A Brief History of the Earth and its Climate – Part Four
The Permian Period ended with an increase in the Earth’s temperature following the end of the Karoo Ice Age and the forming of the single supercontinent of Pangea. The Triassic Period, the first of the three geological periods that make up the Mesozoic Era, begins with a period of recovery. There is no polar ice, … Continue reading A Brief History of the Earth and its Climate – Part Three
In my previous post I looked at the Earth’s history through the Hadean, the Archean, and the Proterozoic Eons, covering a length of time from 4.6 billion to 541 million years ago. We now move into the Phanerozoic Eon, which ranges from 541 million years ago to the present day. In particular, I will be … Continue reading A Brief History of the Earth and its Climate – Part Two
My understanding of climate change is that it is the consequence of a complex system of physical interactions influenced by everything that exists. The radiation from the sun, the movement of the planet on its axis, plate tectonics, volcanic activity, glacial activity, meteor impacts, changes in the level of the sea and its chemical composition, … Continue reading A Brief History of the Earth and its Climate – Part One
After writing about the subject of giving my work away for free I have decided to do that very thing this week. Have I changed my mind? No, not exactly. I have been dipping my toe into the choppy waters of marketing. It did not take me long to be reminded that you have to … Continue reading Oh look, a Free Book!
I put Mesozoic up for audition with a view to it being turned into an audiobook. A narrator called Noah gave it a go and I have to admit that he submitted one of the best auditions that I have heard in a long time. The standard procedure is to give three pieces from the … Continue reading Let the Dinosaurs Roar